Category Archives: Strings/Text

A collection of articles and source code on manipulating or primarily working with strings and text.

Free eBook: Patterns & Practices Application Architecture Guide 2.0

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A while back Microsoft made available a new eBook for free called: Patterns and Pratices Application Architecture Guide 2.0

The download is about 3 megs of info and in the .pdf format. This book is should be very useful and helpful for .NET developers. Below are some of the features and Chapters in the free book.


Part I, Fundamentals
Part II, Design
Part III, Layers
Part IV, Archetypes


  • Foreword by S. Somasegar
  • Foreword by Scott Guthrie


  • Introduction
  • Architecture and Design Solutions At a Glance
  • Fast Track


Part I, Fundamentals

  • Chapter 1 – Fundamentals of Application Architecture
  • Chapter 2 – .NET Platform Overview
  • Chapter 3 – Architecture and Design Guidelines


Part II, Design

  • Chapter 4 – Designing Your Architecture
  • Chapter 5 – Deployment Patterns
  • Chapter 6 – Architectural Styles
  • Chapter 7 – Quality Attributes
  • Chapter 8 – Communication Guidelines


Part III, Layers

  • Chapter 9 – Layers and Tiers
  • Chapter 10 – Presentation Layer Guidelines
  • Chapter 11 – Business Layer Guidelines
  • Chapter 12 – Data Access Layer Guidelines
  • Chapter 13 – Service Layer Guidelines


Part IV, Archetypes

  • Chapter 14 – Application Archetypes
  • Chapter 15 – Web Applications
  • Chapter 16 – Rich Internet Applications (RIA)
  • Chapter 17 – Rich Client Applications
  • Chapter 18 – Services
  • Chapter 19 – Mobile Applications
  • Chapter 20 – Office Business Applications (OBA)
  • Chapter 21 – SharePoint Line-Of-Business (LOB) Applications



  • Cheat Sheet – patterns & practices Pattern Catalog
  • Cheat Sheet – Presentation Technology Matrix
  • Cheat Sheet – Data Access Technology Matrix
  • Cheat Sheet – Workflow Technology Matrix
  • Cheat Sheet – Integration Technology Matrix

As you can see, this book can be very useful and helpful for those programming using the .NET framework. I recommend you download and check it out. Have fun!


More Microsoft “How Do I” Video Updates and Service Pack 1 for 2008

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I just wanted to mention that Microsoft officially launched the RTM version Service Pack 1 for Visual Studio 2008 a couple weeks ago. It includes many fixes and some other features and improvements. WPF (Windows Presentation Foundation) performance has been greatly increased as well. Click Here to check out the Service Pack for VB 2008.

Also Microsoft has been adding new How Do I videos for Visual Basic 2008 the past couple of months it appears. Its definitely worth checking out. It looks like Microsoft added many newer videos working with Excel and Microsoft Office and services. Linq and data-based programming looks to be updated as well. Remember that MSDN has many 2005 based videos as well. Anyways, Click Here if you want to check out the full list of MSDN’s “How Do I” video series. Have Fun!


Getting the Current Line Number in Textbox using VB.NET

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There is unfortunately no so-called ‘built-in’ way to get the current line number in a Visual Basic.NET Textbox control. Microsoft added that support in Visual Basic 2005/2008/2010. But many still use the original .NET versions which do not have that feature in the textbox control.

What to do? Well, there is a somewhat easy way to add this feature by using the Windows API. The API to use is the SendMessage API call. Below is the declaration, constant value, and line# variable…

Getting the Current Line Number code

    'Unfortunately, .NET before 2005 doesn’t have a built-in feature to get the current
    'line. So I am using the SendMessage API to do it. You CAN do various extractions or
    'whatever to do it, but this is easier and more elegant in my opinion.
    'Used to Send Messages to the control and will be used with a request for the
    'current line number in the textbox control.
    Private Declare Function SendMessage Lib "user32.dll" Alias "SendMessageA" (ByVal winHandle As Int32, _
        ByVal wMsg As Int32, ByVal wParam As Int32, ByVal lParam As Int32) As Int32
    'Constant found in the VB 6.0 API Viewer App IT will be passed to the SendMessage
    'API to tell the control to give the current Line # from the textbox character position.
    Public Const EM_LINEFROMCHAR = &HC9
    'Will be used to contain the current line #.
    Dim lineNum As Int32

You can put the codes below in the textbox_Click, textbox_Keydown, textbox_TextChange event you want to take place or a button control  to get the line# results or whatever. In other words, put the code for where/when you want the current line results.

I put these codes in the Textbox_TextChanges event and used a label control to display the current line number. Its also worth nothing that Windows reports line # starting at “0”. So if the API returns a “0”, you can Add (+) one to the value which will then show the line# as 1. Another example is if the Windows API returns a 1, but in reality the current line is the second, then as before simple add (+) a One(1) to the value which will then be line #2.

        'Call the API to get the Line # from the current char. Txt is your textbox control.
        lineNum = SendMessage(txt.Handle.ToInt32, EM_LINEFROMCHAR, -1, 0)
        'Windows sees the first line in a edit box as line 0. So just add a value of 1 to the
        'result if you want the first line to be line #1.
        lblCurrent.Text = "Current Line: #" & (lineNum + 1).ToString
        'Check for line count first to keep a possible error from happening if the textbox has
        If txt.Lines.Length > 0 Then
            'Get the text at the current line position.
            txtLineText.Text = txt.Lines.GetValue(lineNum)

        End If

Thats all there is to it! When you run your project and type your characters or make a new line or whatever in the textbox, the label control should show the number that the caret or cursor is currently at. If you want the Line # code to be updated when the mouse clicks on a different line or position, simply put the code above in the textbox_Click event. Have Fun!


Revisited: 2015

How to Create/Make a String Buffer using VB.NET and VB 6.0

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This is a simple tip on how to create a string buffer with a specific number of spaces. The code in this article will create a string with a 128 spaces or buffer size.

The traditional way a lot of the VB 6.0 programmers used to created a string variable with a specific size buffer as shown below, is not supported in .NET.

'This method works just fine with Classic VB (5.0/6.0), but Visual Basic.NET unfortunately
'does not support this somewhat traditional string buffer code.
Dim buf As String * 128

That code will create the string variable “buf” with a buffer of 128 spaces. IF you try running that code in Visual Basic.NET, then you should get a “End of statement expected.” Error.

There is another way, that I use even with VB 6.0 which will work with VB.NET as well. That is by using the Space (Space$) Function.

Public Function Space(ByVal Number As Integer) As String

The Space() Function will return a String with a buffer size that you specify. If your using Visual Basic 6.0 then use the Space$() Function which will return the value as an actual String. String$ is supported in .NET but the Space() returns a String variable no matter which format you use.

'Visual Basic.NET AND Visual Basic 6.0 supports this way of creating a String with
'a specific sized buffer.
Dim buf AsString

buf = Space(128)
'This should throw a message with the size of the buffered string variable.
MsgBox(Len(buf), MsgBoxStyle.OKOnly, " The size of the String")

Results of the codes above

That’s all you have to do in DotNET and 6.0 to make a String buffer. This code will work in all versions of VB.NET, Visual Basic 2008, VB 2010, and newer.

Anyways, hopefully this small little tip helped 🙂


Revised: 2015

How to Set an Inputbox to Show Password Protected Characters using VB.NET and Higher

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I made a previous article on password protecting an application and also using Inputboxes to get the username and password. A comment was left on how to make the Inputbox show password characters instead of the actual password being inserted. Well, that is what this article is for, to show how to use .NET and set the Inputbox (Modal Window) to display the input in its textbox as password based characters like asterisks or another char instead of the actual password. Its also called masking the characters in the inputbox. This article will mask the inputbox using Asterisks. But you can set whatever you want the characters to be.

NOTE: While the code in this article is for Visual Basic.NET, VB 2008, and VB.NET 2010, the same principals apply to classic VB as well. You want to Subclass, checking for WM_Create messages. When a WM_Create message is activated, you want to use the Findwindow API to determine whether the newly created window matches the title of the Inputbox you want to show. If it is use GetWindow to get the handle to the Child window which is the edit/text box. Then use the SendMessage API to tell the first ChildWindow in the Inputbox to display all input characters as password characters like asterisks.

Update note 02/27/2011: Steve mentioned that the API call FindWindow may not format correctly when you use Auto in declaring it. So you may have to change Auto to “Ansi” instead. For example: Private Declare Ansi Function FindWindow…..

Instead of Auto or Unicode. The alias name in the api call ends with an ‘A’ which denotes Ansi. If it ended with ‘W’ then it would be Unicode based.

If you run into that problem, use this Declare instead of the one later in the article.

    Private Declare Ansi Function FindWindow Lib "user32" Alias "FindWindowA" (ByVal lpClassName As String, ByVal lpWindowName As String) As Int32

AS outlined in a note above, the way I created a password only inputbox was to Subclass and monitor all the WM_Create messages being sent. When the application is notified that a new window was created, it will use the FindWindow API to check for the title of the newly created window. If the title of the window matches the title of the inputbox to be, it will return the handle to that window and call the GetWindow API function to get a handle to the first Child window, which with the Inputbox modal, is the Inputs Edit Box (Textbox) that you type the characters in. Once a handle to the Edit Box is taken, then a call to the SendMessage function to send a EM_SETPASSWORDCHAR message which will make the textbox display password characters which in this article tells the API to use Asterisks characters as the displayed password. You can make it display pretty much any character you want it to. That’s all I did!

    'If you used the Declare Ansi Function FindWindow version above, then ignore this one.
    'Will be used to get the window handles.
    Private Declare Function FindWindow Lib "user32" Alias "FindWindowA" (ByVal lpClassName As String, ByVal lpWindowName As String) As Int32

Now for some more api calls and variables.

    'Using it to get a handle to the child window of the inputbox.
    Private Declare Function GetWindow Lib "user32"? (ByVal hwnd As Int32, ByVal wCmd As Int32) As Int32

    'It tells the editbox (textbox) to display the contents/input as password characters.
    Public Declare Function SendMessage Lib "user32" Alias "SendMessageA" (ByVal hwnd As Int32, ByVal wMsg As Int32, ByVal wParam As Int32, ByVal lParam As Int32) As Int32

    'This will be the title of the Inputbox you will be throwing.
    'This is important since this is the key factor that the example looks for to identify the Inputbox.
    Dim inputTitle As String = "Enter the Password!"

    'Will hold the password returned by the inputbox message.
    Dim returnedPW As String

    'Will be used to code the password characters to appear as Asterisk characters.
    'You can actually have the password text display pretty much any character if you want too.
    'Just change the value of the const to the keycode character you want to use.
    Const asteriskKeyCode As Int32 = 42

    'Used by the SendMessage API to tell the inputbox editbox (textbox) to display the input as password characters.
    Public Const EM_SETPASSWORDCHAR As Int32 = &HCC

    'The message for when a new window is created.
    Public Const WM_CREATE As Int32 = &H1

    'Will hold the return value when calling the FindWindow function which will be the handle to the window.
    Dim windowHandle As Int32

    'Used to have the API call to look for a child based window.
    Public Const GW_CHILD As Int32 = 5

Now that the APIs and Variables are setup, its time for the rest of the codes.

This is the code I put in a button control.

    'This is a Button control I put some of the codes in…
    Private Sub btnDisplay_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles btnDisplay.Click
        'Simply display the inputbox with the title specified in the inputTitle variable and get the value that was put in the edit box.
        'IMPORTANT: The Inputbox is required to have the same title as the window title passed to the FindWindow function. You can try using the Classname if you want to I guess.
        'Clear the previous correct password even if one wasn’t selected.

        lblPw.Text = "InputBox Password:"

        returnedPW = InputBox("Enter the Password in the box!", inputTitle, "password!", 0)

        If Not returnedPW = Nothing AndAlso returnedPW = "password!" Then

            lblPw.Text = "InputBox Password is: " & returnedPW


            lblPw.Text = "InputBox Password is: Wrong!"

            MessageBox.Show("Wrong Password!", " Try Again")

        End If

    End Sub

This will set the password if the subclass method said their is a inputbox matching the one we want.

    Public Sub setPassword()

        'The codes below will setup the Inputbox Textbox (Edit Window) to be a password edit box and use the asterisk character as the display character.
        Dim editWindow As Int32

        'The Edit Window (Textbox) in the Inputbox is the first Child in the Inputbox Z Order. So just simply tell the API to get the handle to the first child window.
        editWindow = GetWindow(windowHandle, GW_CHILD)

        SendMessage(editWindow, EM_SETPASSWORDCHAR, asteriskKeyCode, 0)

    End Sub

Now for the subclass based procedure.

    'This is used for the actual Subclassing to monitor for Created_Windows and will check to see if a Window matching the title of the inputbox we want.
    Protected Overrides Sub WndProc(ByRef m As System.Windows.Forms.Message)

        'Have the base class handle all messages.

        'Check if a new window has been created.
        If m.Result.ToInt32 = WM_CREATE Then

            'Check the new window to see if it has the charateristics that we are looking for. Namely that is has the Title that we want to find.
            windowHandle = FindWindow(vbNullString, inputTitle)

            'Make sure that the WindowHandle is not 0 which should mean it have a handle to the Inputbox window that we are wanting.
        ElseIf windowHandle > 0 Then

            'Call the code to set the textbox to a password textbox.

            'Reset the handle back to 0 since the window handle will be different each time you display Inputbox window.
            windowHandle = 0

        End If

    End Sub

That’s all! As is usually the case, with my articles, there is a example available that show how to do this. Simply head over to my site and look under the Visual Basic.NET – Examples. Anyways, have fun!


Revised: 2015

Auto Complete Support in Textbox and Combobox Controls using VB 6.0 and VB.NET

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Autocomplete is a very useful feature that Microsoft added with the release of Internet Explorer 5.0 and therefore Internet Explorer 5.0 or higher needs to be installed on the target computer. Adding autocomplete to your applications can be a real benefit to the user and is a easy feature to implement.

Note: Visual Basic 2005 and Visual Basic 2008 already has Autocomplete capabilities in the Textbox and Combobox controls by default.

There are a few different locations you can get the autocomplete data from…

  • File System
  • History List
  • URLs Recently Used
  • ALL URLs
  • ALL System Sources

There are likewise a few different options available to set the way you want AutoComplete to react.

  • Append
  • Suggest
  • Append & Suggest

Visual Basic.NET

    'The API call that enables the autoComplete feature to your combo or textbox controls.
    Private Declare Sub SHAutoComplete Lib "shlwapi.dll" (ByVal controlHandle As Int32, ByVal _
        completeFlags As Int32)

Visual Basic 6.0

    'The API call that enables the autoComplete feature to your combo or textbox controls.
    Private Declare Sub SHAutoComplete Lib "shlwapi.dll" (ByVal controlHandle As Long, ByVal _
        completeFlags As Long)

The SHAutoComplete API Sub is easy to use. The first parameter is the Handle to the Edit (Combobox/Textbox) control you want to enable Auto Complete too. The second Parameter is how you want your Autocomplete to react and display.


    'Various Flags you can set to be the source.
    Private Const Defaults = &H0

    Private Const Filesystem = &H1

    Private Const HistoryList = &H2

    Private Const URLRecentlyUsedList = &H4

    Private Const AllURLs = (HistoryList Or URLRecentlyUsedList)

    Private Const AllSystemsSources = AllURLs Or FileSystem

The flags below are used to specify how you want your autocomplete feature to react.

    'Flags you can use to specify how your want autocomplete to react.
    Private Const append = &H40000000 Or &H20000000

    Private Const suggest = &H10000000 Or &H80000000

    Private Const suggestAppend = &H40000000 Or &H10000000

Now that the API based codes are out of the way, you can setup the edit based controls (Like Textbox and Combobox) to have Autocomplete capabilities. Below is a simple example of adding autocomplete to a textbox control that I named txt.

        'Set autocomplete to the textbox using the system defaults.
        SHAutoComplete(txt.hWnd, Defaults)

        'You can also specify how it will react and what it will display.
        SHAutoComplete(txt.hWnd, suggest Or AllURLs)

If your using .NET, just change txt.hWnd to txt.Handle.ToInt32.

Unfortunately adding this feature to a Combobox isn’t as straight forward. Thats because when you use the Handle/Hwnd Property for the Combobox it returns the Main Window Portion of the control and NOT the Edit Window portion. There are a couple ways to get around this though. One way it to use the GetComboBoxInfo API or to use the FindWindowEx API call. I chose to go ahead and use the FindWindowEx API.

Visual Basic.NET

    'API Function used to get the Edit window of a combobox control.
    Private Declare Function FindWindowEx Lib "user32" Alias "FindWindowExA" (ByVal hWnd1 As  _
        Int32, ByVal hwndChildAfter As Int32, ByVal lpszClass As String, ByVal lpszWindow As String) As Int32

Visual Basic 6.0

    'API Function used to get the Edit window of a combobox control.
    Private Declare Function FindWindowEx Lib "user32" Alias "FindWindowExA" (ByVal handle As _
        Long, ByVal hwndChildAfter As Long, ByVal lpszClass As String, ByVal lpszWindow As String) As Long

Now you just need to use the FindWindowEx Function using the 1st and 3rd parameter. And once you call the FindWindow function, simply pass its return value to the SHAutoComplete Method.

        'Simply change this variable type to a Integer if your using VB.NET.
        Dim cmbHandle As Long

        'Retrieve the handle to the ‘Edit’ Window of the combobox. I named my Combobox control cmb.
        cmbHandle = FindWindowEx(cmb.hWnd, 0, "Edit", vbNullString)

        'Activate Autocomplete to the combobox edit window.
        SHAutoComplete(cmb.hWnd, Defaults)

Tip: Here is how you can specify exactly how to react and display….

        'You can also specify how it will react and what it will display.
        SHAutoComplete(cmb.hWnd, suggest Or AllURLs)

Again, change cmb.hWnd to cmb.Handle.ToInt32 if your using Visual Basic.NET.

Thats all there is to it! Depending on your application, you or your apps user will really appreciate you putting that feature in your program. Well, I guess there is nothing more to add. Have fun!


How to do Multi-Line Messageboxes and Inputboxes in VB 6.0 and in VB.NET

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How to do Multiple Lined Messages (Input and Messagebox) is a very common question. Unfortunately the Message Functions do not have a native multi-lined option. But there is a simple workaround to create messages on different/separate lines. It is a little constant called: vbNewLine which is evidentially a brother to the vbCrLf constant.

Public Const vbNewLine As String = vbCrLf

Public Const vbCrLf As String = vbCrLf

These constants are basically the same as combining Chr(13) and Chr(10) characters which maps to the Carriage Return – Line Feed. Using the constants is very simple. Just add the constant outside the string that you want to start a new line at. Below is basic examples of using them…

        'Create a new string to display.
        Dim myString As String

        myString = "I want a Multi-Lined Message!"

Now that there is a string to use, simply add the vbNewline constant as so…

        myString = "I want a Multi-Lined Message!" & vbNewLine & vbNewLine & "This message is under the first!"

The “myString” variable should now display as a multiline string.

The multilined messagebox.

That’s all you have to do! The vbNewline Constant (vbCrlf also) is all you need to do to make most multi-lined messages. This is a simply fix and should work just fine for most messagebox/inputbox messages and such.

Remember that these constants are available in ALL versions of Visual Basic. VB 6.0 through to VB.NET 2008, VB.NET 2010, and VB 2013. Have Fun!


How to Display Text in the System Tray/Notify Icon in VB.NET and Higher

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You’ve probably seen some applications that are able to display what looks like text in the notify icon system tray. You may have noticed that the NotifyIcon control we use in VB.NET has no feature for displaying actual text in the tray So, how could you show text in the icon tray like other applications do? A simple little trick will display your icon as text.

More Info…

You actually have to make a bitmap in memory, draw the text you want to display, and use that bitmap you made as the icon to show in the system tray or notify area as some call it. This article has full sample code to accomplish this using Visual Basic.NET, Visual Basic 2008, VB 2010, and Visual Basic 2013. You can also download an example for doing this by clicking here.

Unfortunately there is only about 16×16 pixels of space for your icon text. So it will definitely limit the amount of text you can show in each spot. You should experiment with different Font Types and Font Sizes to get the best results. I also recommend you set the TextRenderingHint property to a higher quality setting like AntiAliasing which could make the text look much better compared to the default rendering hint. Also try to fine tune the position of the text drawn on your Icon to make full use of the icon area.

Getting Started…

The first thing you want to do once you open up your project is add a NotifyIcon component to your project from the Toolbox. I named mine “notifyText”. You can also add a context menu to be used during a Right Mouse Click. Go to the Notify Icon Properties and under the ContextMenu option select the context menu if you added one. If you want, under the ‘Text’ property you can set the Tooltip Text for when the Mouse is hovering over the Notify Icon in the System Tray. There are also some events for the Notify Icon if you want to make use of them like _MouseDown, _DoubleClick, etc.

Visual Basic.NET, Visual Basic 2008, VB 2010, and Higher Source Code…

The first code is a “DestroyIcon” API Function I use to completely destroy/remove the icon from existance when i’m done with it. IF you do get a generic gdi+ error (or it may just say a Generic Error has Occured? I don’t remember), then try using this API call to kill the Icon you created in memory. I made an app that will display and update the cpu clockspeed/usage in the tray update every second or so and that Generic Error would popup every once in awhile and not really say much about it except it had something to do with something in the icon code. This function is good to use anyways to release the resources used by the icon.

    'I'm using this in the createTextIcon sub to releases all of the resources that the icon/icons would have used.
    Public Declare Function DestroyIcon Lib "user32.dll" (ByVal hIcon As Int32) As Int32

Remember to optimize your text icon as much as you can so you can take full advantage of the limited space you have available for clarity. Set the “System.Drawing.Text.TextRenderingHint” to “System.Drawing.Text.TextRenderingHint.AntiAlias” to get smoother and easier to read text. You should setup the font and X/Y coordinates to make full use of the small space. And of course select a brush color that the user would be able to see well.

The code here is the declaration based code for variables and such…

    'You should fine tune the font you want to use so the user can see the text you want them to see.
    'Certain Fonts will obviously display your text better than other fonts might.
    Dim fontToUse As Font = New Font("Microsoft Sans Serif", 8, FontStyle.Regular, GraphicsUnit.Pixel)

    'A basic brush with a Dark Blue Color. This should show up pretty well in the icon tray if the user uses the default tray color.
    Dim brushToUse As Brush = New SolidBrush(Color.DarkBlue)

    'A bitmap used to setup how the icon will display.
    Dim bitmapText As Bitmap = New Bitmap(16, 16)

    'A simply Grahics object to draw the text to a bitmap.
    Dim g As Graphics = Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(bitmapText)

    'Will be used to get the Handle to the bitmap Icon.
    Dim hIcon As IntPtr

The code below will draw the text onto the bitmap image and set the notify icon to display it by using its handle.

    'This code was actually taken from my CPUMonLite Application which displays the processors clockspeed in
    'the system tray. But the clockspeed code is removed
    Sub createTextIcon()


            'Clear any previous ‘stuff’ instead of creating a new bitmap.

            'Setup the text, font, brush, and position for the system tray icon. For the font type and
            'size I used, a good position for the X coordinate is a -1 or -2. And the Y coordinate seems
            'to work well at a 5.
            'You specify the actual text you want to be displayed in the draw string parameter that you
            'want to display in the notify area of the system tray. You will only be able to display a
            'few characters, depending on the font, size of the font, and the coordinates you used.
            g.DrawString("Text!", fontToUse, brushToUse, -2, 5)

            'Get a handle to the bitmap as a Icon.
            hIcon = (bitmapText.GetHicon)

            'Display that new usage value image in the system tray.
            notifyText.Icon = Drawing.Icon.FromHandle(hIcon)

            'Added this to try and get away from a rare Generic Error from the code above. Using this API Function seems to have stopped that error from happening.

        Catch exc As Exception

            MessageBox.Show(exc.InnerException.ToString, "Somethings not right?", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error)

        End Try

    End Sub


The code from this article in use!


Now all you have to do is call that Sub above each time you want the text to change/update in the System Tray! Hopefully I made some sense in this article and you were able to follow ok. Have fun!


Minor Revision: 2014

FREE eBook – Upgrading Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 to Microsoft Visual Basic .NET

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This is another resource that how been around for awhile but is still plenty useful and helpful. Especially if your a Visual Basic 5.0/6.0  developer making the move to Visual Basic.NET. It is pretty large and covers a wide range of areas taking up TwentyOne(21x) Chapters. It goes over The differences between VB Classic and .NET to Resolving Upgrade Issues and Preparing your Applications for the Upgrade. Below is a small excerpt…


Upgrading Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 to Microsoft Visual Basic .NET is the complete technical guide to upgrading Visual Basic 6 applications to Visual Basic .NET, covering all upgrade topics from APIs to ZOrders. It shows how to fix upgrade issues with forms, language, data access, and COM+ Services, and how to upgrade applications with XML Web services, ADO.NET, and .NET remoting. It also provides big-picture architectural advice, a reference of function and object model changes, hundreds of before-and-after code samples, and a CD packed with useful examples.

If you are interested in this resource, then click this link to check it out. Try this link as well. Have fun 🙂


Get or Extract/Trim the extension from a filename and path in VB.NET

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This will remove the extension from the filepath and return the extension only. There are two methods of doing it below. If you don’t care that the . (period) is included with the extension then use the second way. This works for all versions of .NET including Visual Basic 2010.

Here is One way to do it…

'This will extract and return the extension without the dot from a specified filename/path.
Dim filePath As String = "c:\MyDirectory\MY.File.jpeg"
Dim dotPosition As Integer = filePath.LastIndexOf(".")
Dim extOnly As String = filePath.Substring(dotPosition + 1)


Another easy way from Jim. But it will include the “.” period with the string.

'Thanks to Jim for this other method to get the file extension. Just remember that the "."
'(dot or period) will be included with the extension. So you will need to add codes to remove
'it if you don't want the extension seperator character included.

Dim fullPath As String = "c:\MyDirectory\MYFile.txt"
Dim fileName As String = IO.Path.GetExtension(fullPath)



Have fun 🙂

Disable ‘Beep’ in Textbox when pressing the ‘Enter’ Key – VB.NET 2008/2010, VB 2013

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This will stop that beep from sounding when you press the Enter key in the textbox or combobox control. This works for VB 2005, VB 2008, Visual Basic 2010, and VB 2013.

Just put the code in the Textbox _KeyDown event.

        'This code will disable the ‘Beeping’ you get when you press the ‘Enter’ key in a
        'Textbox control. This code needs to go into the Textbox_KeyDown’ event.
        If e.KeyCode = Keys.Enter Then

            e.SuppressKeyPress = True

        End If


Read a Text File and Add text to a Textbox Control With Stream Reader Class – VB.NET

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This will open a textfile and then add the text contents to a textbox control using VB.NET, VB 2008, VB 2010, and Visual Basic 2013.

        'Read from a text file to a textbox with the Stream Reader Class
        'Put a textbox on the form and name txt and set to multi-line
        'This will make the Reader read the entire contents of the textfile and write to the
        'Create a new stream reader specifying its source to be from the newTextFile.txt file.
        Dim sReader As IO.StreamReader = New IO.StreamReader("c:\newTextFile.txt")
        'Make the textbox keep the current data while adding the new data from the stream.

Revisted: 2015

Find/Search for a String in a Listbox/Combobox control by using VB.NET

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This will search for a String value in the Listbox or Combobox items in Visual Basic.NET, VB 2005 and Higher

            'TxtItem.Text would be a textbox control whose text string will be searched. And of course, lstItems
            'is a Listbox control or you can make it a Combobox control. The code below shows searching
            'for a  partial/exact string at either the beginning of the control or at a specified Index value.
            'Search a Listbox Control for a exact string
            lstItems.SelectedIndex = lstItems.FindStringExact(txtItem.Text)
            'Search a Listbox Control for a partial string
            lstItems.SelectedIndex = lstItems.FindString(txtItem.Text)